Article 8321

Title of the article

Participation of the Komsomol in the development of the physical culture and sports movement in Penza region in the late 1950s – early 1960s 

Authors

Larisa A. Koroleva, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of the sub-department of history and philosophy, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (28 Germana Titova street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: la-koro@yandex.ru
Valentin V. Pavlenko, Postgraduate student, Penza State University of Architecture and Construction (28 Germana Titova street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: history@pguas.ru 

Index UDK

94(470) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2021-3-8 

Abstract

Background. Physical and sports education has always been an important area of public activity associations in the USSR. At the end of 1950s in the conditions of some improvement in the well-being of Soviet people and the approval of the concept of the deployed construction of communism in the USSR, the system of leading physical education and sports is changing in terms of strengthening the role of mass organizations, including the Komsomol, in solving state issues for the further development of physical education in society. A study of the development of the Soviet physical culture and sports movement and participation in this process of the Komsomol at the regional level allows you to recreate a real picture of the daily life of the population in the indicated chronological framework; to supplement historical knowledge of the content and forms of social activity of citizens. The purpose of the work is to consider the essence and nature of the activities of the Komsomol in involving residents of the Penza region in physical education and sports аt the end 1950s and early 1960s. Materials and methods. Research tasks were implemented on the basis of the documents of the State Archive of the Penza Region – materials from the funds of local sports and sports organizations (regional sports union, city sports union, regional committee on physical education, sports and tourism). Methods applied in the work: historical and genetic method, historical and comparative method. Results. The tasks and methods of work of the Komsomol in preparing for productive activities and armed protection of the state of the younger generation in historical retrospect were studied; analyzed the work of Komsomol organizations of the Penza region on the implementation of key areas of physical education and sports practice of the state. Conclusions. The study of the Komsomol’s work on improving the population аt the end 1950s and early 1960s made it possible to identify the main trends and difficulties in the development of the sports and sports movement in the Penza region, to determine new directions in the further study of the scientific problem. 

Key words

USSR, physical culture, sports, Komsomol, Penza region 

 

 Download PDF

References

1. Nikiforov I.I., Pol'shanskiy V.S. (eds.). Organizatsiya fizicheskoy kul'tury v SSSR = Organization of physical culture in the USSR. Moscow: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1961:264. (In Russ.)
2. Komsomol i fizicheskaya kul'tura v SSSR = Komsomol and physical culture in the USSR. Moscow: Fizkul'tura i sport, 1948:30. (In Russ.)
3. Sukhova O.A. (ed.). Penzenskiy kray v istorii i kul'ture Rossii = Penza region in the history and culture of Russia. Penza: Izd-vo PGU, 2014:526. (In Russ.)
4. Nurdygin E.A., Koroleva L.A., Davydov A.S., Kochergin V.A. Gosudarstvennaya politika v sfere fizicheskoy kul'tury i sporta v SSSR. 1945–1959 gg. (po materialam Penzenskoy oblasti) = State policy in the field of physical culture and sports in the USSR. 1945–1959 (by the materials from Penza region). Penza: PGUAS, 2015:172. (In Russ.)
5. Artemova S.F., Koroleva L.A. Physical education of children and students in the early 1950s (by the example of the Penza region). Obrazovanie i nauka v sovremennom mire. Innovatsii = Education and science in the modern world. Innovations. 2019;(4):59–68. (In Russ.)
6. Korolev A.A., Koroleva L.A. The practice of training personnel for physical culture and sports work in rural areas of the USSR in the middle 1960s. E-Scio. 2018;(5):109–114. (In Russ.)
7. Koroleva L.A. A formation of the physical culture and sports movement in the villages of Penza region in the early 1950s (by the example of the voluntary sports society “Kolkhoznik”). Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta = Bulletin of Orenburg State Pedagogical University. 2018;(1):90–101. (In Russ.)
8. Nurdygin E.A. The use of the mass physical culture and sports movement in Soviet political life in the early 1950s (by the materials from the Penza region). Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Severo-Kavkazskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki = University proceedings. North Caucasian region. Social Sciences. 2016;(2):51–54. (In Russ.)
9. Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Penzenskoy oblasti (GAPO). F. R-2388. Op. 1. D. 216 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2388. Item 1. File 216. (In Russ.)
10. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. D. 57 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2361. Item 1. File 57. (In Russ.)
11. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. D. 2 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2361. Item 1. File 2. (In Russ.)
12. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. D. 1 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2361. Item 1. File 1. (In Russ.)
13. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. D. 3 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2361. Item 1. File 3. (In Russ.)
14. GAPO. F. R-2362. Op. 1. D. 206 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2362. Item 1. File 206. (In Russ.)
15. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. D. 63 = State Archives of the Penza Region. Fund R-2361. Item 1. File 63. (In Russ.)
16. GAPO. F. R-2361. Op. 1. 

 

Дата создания: 06.10.2021 13:56
Дата обновления: 06.10.2021 15:22